WHAT IS ABA?
ABA stands for Applied Behavior Analysis. According to the Behavior Analysis Certification Board,
A systematic approach for influencing socially important behavior through the identification of reliably related environmental variables and the production of behavior change techniques that make use of those findings. Practitioners of behavior analysis provide services consistent with the dimensions of ABA.
Common Therapies Based on the principles of ABA
Discrete Trial Learning
Structured one-on-one training that involves repetition. Positive reinforcement is received when the behavior practiced is completed.
Motivating a child to learn a word and it's meaning. I.E. "What's this? (a book). "What do you do with it? (read a book).
Natural Environment Training
Using natural everyday environments during therapy. Giving real life meaning to the skills learned.
Pivotal Response Training
Training that focuses on natural teaching opportunities. These opportunities may include: turn taking, child choice and reinforcing attempts.
Natural Language Paradigm
Using the clients initiative. It uses natural reinforcers that are consequences related directly to the behavior, and it encourages skill generalization